|Reactivity||Human Mouse Rat|
|Tested applications||WB IHC IF IP CHIP|
|Recommended Dilution||WB 1:500 - 1:2000
IHC 1:50 - 1:200
IF 1:50 - 1:200
IP 1:50 - 1:200
ChIP 1:20 - 1:100|
|Observed MW||Refer to Figures|
|Immunogen||Recombinant protein of human CTBP1|
|Storage Buffer||Store at -20℃. Avoid freeze / thaw cycles.
Buffer: PBS with 0.02% sodium azide, 50% glycerol, pH7.3.|
Western blot analysis of extracts of various cell lines, using CTBP1 antibody.
Immunohistochemistry of paraffin-embedded human liver cancer using CTBP1 antibody at dilution of 1:100 (400x lens).
Immunofluorescence analysis of U2OS cell using CTBP1 antibody. Blue: DAPI for nuclear staining.
CtBP1 (C-terminal binding protein 1) was first recognized as a cellular factor that interacts with the C-terminal portion of adenovirus E1A, a protein involved in the transcriptional regulation of key cellular genes (1). CtBP1 is able to regulate gene activity through its intrinsic dehydrogenase activity (2,3) and by interacting with Polycomb Group (PcG) proteins during development (4). Along with its homologue, CtBP2, it acts as a transcriptional corepressor of zinc-finger homeodomain factor deltaEF1 to regulate a wide range of cellular processes through transrepression mechanisms (5). Through its direct interaction with PRDM16, CtBP1 has been shown to be involved in brown adipose tissue differentiation by mediating the repression of white fat genes and directing differentiation toward the brown fat gene program (6). CtBP1 also plays a role in lipid metabolic pathways and membrane fission by regulating the fission machinery operating Golgi tubular networks (7). CtBP1 has recently been shown to repress transcription of BRCA1 via a redox regulated mechanism (8). Furthermore, it is thought that downregulation of BRCA1 and E-cadherin in invasive ductal breast carcinoma correlates directly with activation of CtBP1 (9).
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