Carbonic anhydrase 2 Human Recombinant protein produced in E.Coli containing 260 amino acids (1-260) and having a molecular mass of 29.2 kDa. The Carbonic anhydrase 2 is purified by proprietary chromatographic techniques.
The enzyme Carbonic anhydrase II having an accession number of NP_414668 is also called carbonate dehydratase which is part of the enzyme family that catalyses rapid inter-conversion of carbon dioxide & water to bicarbonate, carbonic acid and protons (CO2 + H2O ? HCO3? + H+), a reaction that occurs rather slowly in the absence of a catalyst. The majority of carbonic anhydrases enclose a zinc ion in their active site and therefore is classified as metalloenzymes.The most important function of Carbonic anhydrase is known to preserve acid-base balance in blood and other tissues, and to help transport carbon dioxide of tissues. Carbonic anhydrases have been found in all kingdoms of life. Carbonic anhydrase has 3 different classes: alpha, beta and gamma which share very little sequence or structural similarity, thus far they all perform the same function and require a zinc ion at the active site. Mammalian carbonic anhydrase is monomeric and belongs to the alpha class. Plant carbonic anhydrase is dimeric and belongs to the beta class.Methane-producing bacteria carbonic anhydrase is trimeric and grows in hot springs which forms the gamma class.
The Carbonic Anhydrase 2 enzyme is supplied in 20mM Tris pH-8, 50mM NaCl, 10% glycerol and 1mM DTT.
Store at 4°C if entire vial will be used within 2-4 weeks. Store, frozen at -20°C for longer periods of time. For long term storage it is recommended to add a carrier protein (0.1% HSA or BSA).Avoid multiple freeze-thaw cycles.
Specific activity is 50-70 nmoles/min/µg and was obtained by measuring the increase in the amount of p-nitrophenol by its esterase activity. Specific activity is defined as the amount of p-nitrophenol that 1µg of enzyme can reduce at 25C for 1 minute.
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