|Reactivity||Human Mouse Rat|
|Tested applications||WB IHC IF|
|Recommended Dilution||WB 1:500 - 1:2000
IHC 1:50 - 1:200
IF 1:500 - 1:1000|
|Observed MW||Refer to Figures|
|Immunogen||A synthetic peptide of human GFAP|
|Storage Buffer||Store at -20℃. Avoid freeze / thaw cycles.
Buffer: PBS with 0.02% sodium azide, 50% glycerol, pH7.3.|
Western blot analysis of extracts of mouse brain and mouse spinal cord, using GFAP antibody.
Immunohistochemistry of frozen neuroglial cells using GFAP antibody.
The cytoskeleton consists of three types of cytosolic fibers: microfilaments (actin filaments), intermediate filaments, and microtubules. Major types of intermediate filaments are specifically expressed in particular cell types: cytokeratins in epithelial cells, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) in glial cells, desmin in skeletal, visceral, and certain vascular smooth muscle cells, vimentin in cells of mesenchymal origin, and neurofilaments in neurons. GFAP and vimentin form intermediate filaments in astroglial cells and modulate their motility and shape (1). In particular, vimentin filaments are present at early developmental stages, while GFAP filaments are characteristic of differentiated and mature brain astrocytes. Thus, GFAP is commonly used as a marker for intracranial and intraspinal tumors arising from astrocytes (2). In addition, GFAP intermediate filaments are also present in non-myelin-forming Schwann cells in the peripheral nervous system (3).
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