4 1BBL Human Recombinant produced in E.Coli is a single, non-glycosylated, polypeptide chain containing 184 amino acids and having a molecular mass of 19.5kDa.The 4 1BBL is purified by proprietary chromatographic techniques.
4-1BBL is a transmembrane cytokine that is part of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) ligand family. 4-1BBL is a bidirectional signal transducer that performs as a ligand for TNFRSF9, which is a costimulatory receptor molecule in T lymphocytes. TNFSF9 and its TNFRSF9 take part in the antigen presentation development and in the generation of cytotoxic T cells. 4-1BBR is absent from resting T lymphocytes but rapidly expressed upon antigenic stimulation. TNFSF9 reactivates anergic T lymphocytes as well as promoting T lymphocyte proliferation. 4-1BB Ligand is needed for the optimal CD8 responses in CD8 T cells. 4-1BBL is expressed in carcinoma cell lines, and is thoµght to be involved in T cell-tumor cell interaction. 4-1BBL is expressed by activated B cells, macrophages, dendritic cells, activated T cells, neurons and astrocytes. The interaction of 4-1BB with TNFRSF9 strongly regulates immunity and has been proposed to preferentially control T cell responses based on studies in various murin.
Sterile Filtered White lyophilized (freeze-dried) powder.
Lyophilized from a 0.2?m filtered concentrated solution in PBS, pH 7.4.
It is recommended to reconstitute the lyophilized 4 1BBL in sterile 18M?-cm H2O not less than 100
Lyophilized 4 1BBL althoµgh stable at room temperature for 3 weeks, should be stored desiccated below -18°C. Upon reconstitution 4 1BBL should be stored at 4°C between 2-7 days and for future use below -18°C.Please prevent freeze-thaw cycles.
Fully biologically active when compared to standard. Determined by the dose-dependent stimulation of IL-8 production by human PBMC. The ED50 for this effect is 5-10ng/ml corresponding to a Specific Activity of 100,000-200,000IU/mg.
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