MAT1A Human Recombinant produced in E.Coli is a single, non-glycosylated polypeptide chain containing 414 amino acids (1-395 a.a.) and having a molecular mass of 45.6 kDa. The MAT1A is fused to a 20 amino acid his tag at N-terminus and purified by conventional chromatography.
MAT1A catalyzes a two-step reaction that involves the transfer of the adenosyl moiety of ATP to methionine to form S-adenosylmethionine and tripolyphosphate, which is subsequently cleaved to PPi and Pi. S-adenosylmethionine is the source of methyl groups for most biological methylations. MAT1A is found as a homotetramer (MAT I) or a homodimer (MAT III) whereas a third form, MAT II (gamma), is encoded by the MAT2A gene. Mutations in MAT1A gene are associated with methionine adenosyltransferase deficiency. MAT1A expression also correlates with a differentiated phenotype, whereas liver cells expressing MAT2A present a dedifferentiated phenotype and lowered AdoMet synthesis. Likewise, NFκB and TNFα cause a switch from MAT1A to MAT2A expression in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), which facilitates cancer cell growth.
The MAT1A protein solution contains 20mM Tris-HCl pH-8, 1mM DTT, 100mM NaCl and 10% glycerol.
Store at 4°C if entire vial will be used within 2-4 weeks. Store, frozen at -20°C for longer periods of time. For long term storage it is recommended to add a carrier protein (0.1% HSA or BSA).Avoid multiple freeze-thaw cycles.